Role of A Nurse in Prevention of HAIs in Patients with Haematological Diseases
Selva Titus Chacko
Although all hospitalized patients are at risk for acquiring health care-associated infections (HAIs), those with malignancy- specifically solid tumours, haematological malignancies and those treated with chemotherapy and Hematopoietic stem cell transplants are at increased risk. These patients often are immunocompromised, making it easier for bacteria and viruses to strike the immune system.
Through evidence-based clinical practice, research, and patient teaching, nurses play an important role in addressing infection risk, prevention and managing infections in neutropenic patients. This paper will highlight several areas which Oncology/ Haematology nurses are in a unique position to prevent infection through nursing practice and patient education. It will share the evidence-based infection-prevention guidelines studied at a tertiary care centre in South India on Hand hygiene, Central venous catheter care, oral hygiene, patient and family education along with guidelines for cleaning the surface and environment.
Correspondence: Dr. Selva Titus Chacko, Chief Nursing Development Officer, Apollo Dhaka.
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